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Model Programs Database

Keepin' it REAL (Refuse, Explain, Avoid, Leave)

Arizona State University
School of Social Work, P.O. Box 873711
Tempe, AZ 85287-3711
http://www.keepinitreal.asu.edu/

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Contact Information:
Patricia Dustman, EdD
Director
480.965.4699
patricia.dustman@asu.edu

Program Specification:

Emphasis:

Gender:

Rating:

Intervention

Both

Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

Elementary
Middle School
High School

Urban

Individuals

Ethnicity:

Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities

Description:

The Keepin' it REAL (Refuse, Explain, Avoid, Leave) program is a video-enhanced intervention that uses a culturally-grounded resiliency model which incorporates traditional ethnic values and practices that protect against drug use. A school-based prevention program for elementary, middle, and early high school students, Keepin' it REAL is based on previous work that demonstrates that teaching communication and life skills can combat negative peer and other influences. Keepin' it REAL extends resistance and life-skills models by using a culturally-based narrative and performance framework to: (1) enhance antidrug norms and attitudes; and (2) facilitate the development of risk assessment, decision making, and resistance skills. Distinct Mexican American, African American, and multicultural versions of Keepin' it REAL are available.

Program Descriptors Include:
Substance Abuse, Life Skills Training

Starting Date: Unspecified
Students Served Per Year: Unspecified
Last Verified: 2009

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • High-risk peer group
  • High-risk social behavior

Program promotes the following:

Relationships

  • Clear social norms
  • Perception of support from adults and peers

Independence

  • Healthy/conventional beliefs and standards

Creativity

  • Problem-solving skills

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is less than $25,000.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:

Foundations
Organizations/Agencies

Teachers
Counselors

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Media/CD/DVD
Instructional Texts/Manuals

Unspecified

Evaluation Information:

The initial REAL evaluation was conducted over 48 months using a randomized block assignment with sample middle schools. Compared to students in control schools at a two-year follow-up, students who participated in the program: retained unfavorable attitudes against someone their age using substances; significantly reduced marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use, especially alcohol; and improved their resistance skills to using alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana.

How evaluation data was collected:
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level

National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities
209 Martin Street
Clemson, SC 29631-1555
Toll Free: 866-745-5641
TDD: 866-212-2775
Fax: 864-656-0136
Email: NDPCSD-L@clemson.edu

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Last Updated: December 21, 2014