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Model Programs Database

Project Toward No Drug Abuse (Project TND)

University of Southern California
1000 South Fremont Avenue, Unit 8
Alhambra, CA 91803

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Contact Information:
Steve Sussman, PhD

Program Specification:






Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

High School

Inner City



Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities


Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND) is an interactive school-based program designed to help high school youth resist substance use. The program teaches participants increased coping and self-control skills by making them aware of misleading information that facilitates drug use. The program motivates them not to use drugs, to develop skills that help them bond to lower-risk environments, to appreciate the physical consequences that drug use may have on their own lives, to become aware of cessation strategies, and to develop decision-making skills to make a commitment to not use drugs.

Program Descriptors Include:
Substance Abuse, Life Skills Training

Starting Date: Unspecified
Students Served Per Year: Unspecified
Last Verified: 2009

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • High-risk social behavior

Community factors

  • Youth social attitudes

Program promotes the following:


  • Clear social norms
  • Involvement with positive peer activities


  • Healthy/conventional beliefs and standards


  • Problem-solving skills

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is less than $25,000 or less than $500 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:



Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Instructional Texts/Manuals

National Institute of Drug Abuse

Evaluation Information:

TND has been evaluated numerous times with both alternative and mainstream high schools, primarily using a randomized block design to assign schools. For TND to show significant one-year effects, all 12 sessions should be implemented. In one study, health educator led programs had significant results while those using self-instruction did not. After a one-year follow-up, results for both alternative and mainstream high schools revealed that students receiving TND, compared to those in control groups: had significant reductions in hard drug use, had significant reductions in marijuana use, had significant reductions in alcohol use, had significantly lower risk of victimization, and were less likely to carry weapons.

How evaluation data was collected:
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level

National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities
209 Martin Street
Clemson, SC 29631-1555
Toll Free: 866-745-5641
TDD: 866-212-2775
Fax: 864-656-0136
Email: NDPCSD-L@clemson.edu

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Last Updated: May 27, 2015