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Model Programs Database

Penn Second Shift

55985 Bittersweet
Mishawaka, IN 46545

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Contact Information:
Ms. Jeneen G. Conway, Ed.S.
Coordinator of Alternative Programs

Program Specification:






Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

High School




Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities


The mission of the PHS Second Shift Program is to educate students to be responsible, contributing citizens. Coursework is provided so that the PHS Second Shift students may earn a Penn High School diploma. A comprehensive core curriculum of North Central Association-approved courses is delivered through NovaNET, an interactive Internet-based program. Most courses also include writing assignments. North Central Association-approved courses receive pass/fail grades. For some classes, additional Criterion-Referenced Tests (CRTs) may need to be passed. The Indiana Graduation Qualifying Exam (GQE) must be passed as part of the diploma program.

Program Descriptors Include:
Academic Improvement, Alternative Education, Computer Assisted Instruction, Extended-School/Summer Program, Study Skills

Starting Date: 1999
Students Served Per Year: 250-500
Last Verified: 2009

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • High number of work hours
  • Low achievement
  • Poor attendance
  • Low educational expectations
  • Lack of effort
  • Low commitment to school

Family factors

  • Not living with both natural parents
  • Family disruption
  • Low educational expectations
  • Low contact with school

School factors

  • School size: too small/too large
  • School math achievement
  • School policies and practices
  • Teacher expectations

Community factors

  • Family composition/socioeconomic status
  • Local labor market/neighborhood stability
  • Youth social attitudes

Program promotes the following:


  • Presence and involvement of caring, supportive adults
  • Good relationships with parents, peers, and teachers
  • Perception of support from adults and peers


  • Healthy/conventional beliefs and standards
  • Positive/resilient temperament


  • Social competencies
  • Self efficacy


  • Problem-solving skills
  • Flexibility


  • High expectations by community, family, school, and self
  • Optimistic

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is $200,000 - $500,000 or over $2000 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:

Federal Agencies
State Agencies
Local/City/County Agencies
School Districts

Other Employees

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Computer/Internet Based

Penn-Harris-Madison School Corporation

Evaluation Information:

How evaluation data was collected:
Data collected and analyzed at school/district level
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level

National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities
209 Martin Street
Clemson, SC 29631-1555
Toll Free: 866-745-5641
TDD: 866-212-2775
Fax: 864-656-0136
Email: NDPCSD-L@clemson.edu

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Last Updated: May 22, 2015