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Model Programs Database

First Job Program

P.O. Box 30503
Tucson, AZ 85751

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Contact Information:
Mrs. Laura Ciscomani, MPA
Independent Contractor / Administrator

Program Specification:






Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

Middle School
High School


Grade Level


Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities

Low Income, Poor/Average Academic Performance


To deter early departures of students from school due to economic pressures arising from poverty. We carry out this mission by challenging struggling, low-income students to stay and engage in school through conditional financial incentives designed to: increase attendance, improve grades, and encourage graduation. Our goal is to retain the most at-risk student population - those living in poverty - and give them an opportunity to focus on their First Job: school. Youth Education Security, Inc. staff and board members work together with partner organizations to secure educational opportunities for students most at risk of dropping out of school - those living in poverty.

Program Descriptors Include:
Academic Improvement, Attendance/Truancy, Life Skills Training

Starting Date: 2007
Students Served Per Year: 50-250
Last Verified: 2010

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • Highly socially active outside of school
  • Lack of effort
  • No extracurricular participation
  • Misbehavior

Family factors

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Not living with both natural parents
  • Low educational expectations

Community factors

  • Youth social attitudes

Program promotes the following:


  • Self efficacy

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is $25,000 - $100,000 or $500 - $1000 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:


School Administrators

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:


Amphitheater Public Schools, Pima Education Research Collaborative, Sunnyside Unified School District, Take Charge America Institute, The University of Arizona's College of Education, Tucson Unified School District

Evaluation Information:

The First Job program positively affects graduation rates. At both high schools, graduation rates for the first cohort are higher for First Job students than for their matched pairs. At Rincon, First Job students were 14.8% more likely to graduate on time, and at Amphi, First Job students were 16.4% more likely to graduate on time. The largest effects were seen in increasing total attendance and reducing the number of unexcused absences. These effects are encouraging in that attendance indicates a willingness on the part of the student to participate in his/her own education.

How evaluation data was collected:
Data collected and analyzed at school/district level
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level

National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with Disabilities
209 Martin Street
Clemson, SC 29631-1555
Toll Free: 866-745-5641
TDD: 866-212-2775
Fax: 864-656-0136
Email: NDPCSD-L@clemson.edu

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Last Updated: May 23, 2015