Model Program

Union Alternative School

5656 S. 129th E. Ave.
Tulsa, OK 74134

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Contact Information:
Mr. Richard T. Storm

Program Specification:






Strong Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

High School


Grade Level


Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities


Union Alternative School serves 120 at-risk students in grades 9 through 12. Enrollment is completely voluntary, and students must be willing to consistently abide by a student contract in order to maintain their positions in the program. It is not a punishment program. Instead, it is intended to take students who have had significant struggles in the regular education program and lead them back into academic and social success in an atmosphere based on kindness and mutual respect. Major intake categories involve social and emotional issues, returning dropouts, drug or alcohol abuse, poor attendance, behavioral issues, pregnancy, juvenile justice involvement, and low academic achievement. The program features block scheduling and innovative teaching strategies. Student progress in grades, attendance, behavior, and social skills is closely monitored. Counseling plays an integral role in the program, with the average student receiving two counseling sessions per week.

Program Descriptors Include:
Alternative Education, Attendance/Truancy, Bullying/Violence, Counseling/Advisories/Coaches, Family/Parental Involvement, Homeless, Literacy Development, Professional Development, Substance Abuse, Teen Pregnancy

Strategies for Locating Students:

Starting Date: 1995
Students Served Per Year: 50-250
Reenrolled Students with Disabilities: N/A
Last Verified: 2010

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • Has a learning disability or emotional disturbance
  • High number of work hours
  • Parenthood
  • High-risk peer group
  • High-risk social behavior
  • Low achievement
  • Retention/overage for grade
  • Poor attendance
  • Low educational expectations
  • Lack of effort
  • Low commitment to school
  • No extracurricular participation
  • Misbehavior
  • Early aggression

Family factors

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • High family mobility
  • Low education level of parents
  • Large number of siblings
  • Not living with both natural parents
  • Family disruption
  • Low educational expectations
  • Sibling(s) has dropped out
  • Low contact with school
  • Lack of conversations about school

School factors

  • Limited resources: expenditures per student/ teacher salaries/ student-teacher ratios
  • School size: too small/too large
  • Race/ethnicity
  • School math achievement
  • School policies and practices
  • Student engagement
  • Teacher expectations

Community factors

  • Family composition/socioeconomic status
  • Local labor market/neighborhood stability
  • Youth social attitudes

Program promotes the following:


  • Presence and involvement of caring, supportive adults
  • Opportunities and rewards for pro-social involvement
  • Clear social norms
  • Good relationships with parents, peers, and teachers
  • Involvement with positive peer activities
  • Perception of support from adults and peers


  • Healthy/conventional beliefs and standards
  • Positive/resilient temperament


  • Social competencies
  • Self efficacy


  • Problem-solving skills
  • Flexibility


  • High expectations by community, family, school, and self
  • Optimistic

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is over $500,000 or over $2000 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:

Local/City/County Agencies
School Districts

Social Workers

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Instructional Texts/Manuals
Computer/Internet Based

Parents as Teachers, CREOKS

Evaluation Information:

How evaluation data was collected:
Outside experimental studies
Data collected and analyzed at school/district level
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level