Model Program

Olweus Bullying Prevention Program

Institute on Family & Neighborhood Life
158 Poole Agricultural Ctr, Clemson University
Clemson, SC 29634
http://www.olweus.org

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Contact Information:
Dr. Marlene Snyder, PhD
Research Associate Professor
864.710.4562
nobully@clemson.edu

Program Specification:

Emphasis:

Gender:

Rating:

Prevention
Intervention

Both

Strong Evidence of Effectiveness

Age/Grade Level:

Target Settings:

Target Groups:

Elementary
Middle School

Rural
Urban
Suburban
Inner City
Tribal

Individuals
Clusters/Groups
School Wide

Ethnicity:

Other Participation Criteria:

All Ethnicities

Description:

The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program is a comprehensive research-based school program designed to prevent and reduce bully/victim problems among students in elementary, middle, and junior high schools (grades 3-10). School staff members are largely responsible for introducing and implementing the program, and their efforts are directed at changing norms for behavior and improving peer relations and the climate of the school. Core components of the program are implemented at the schoolwide level, the classroom level, the individual level, and the community level.

Program Descriptors Include:
Behavior Management/Discipline, Bullying/Violence, Community Collaboration, Family/Parental Involvement

Starting Date: 1991
Students Served Per Year: 500+
Last Verified: 2009

Risk Factors:

Protective Factors:

Program addresses the following:

Individual factors

  • High-risk social behavior
  • Misbehavior
  • Early aggression

School factors

  • School policies and practices
  • Teacher expectations

Program promotes the following:

Relationships

  • Presence and involvement of caring, supportive adults
  • Opportunities and rewards for pro-social involvement
  • Clear social norms
  • Good relationships with parents, peers, and teachers
  • Involvement with positive peer activities
  • Perception of support from adults and peers

Competence

  • Social competencies

Creativity

  • Problem-solving skills

Optimism

  • High expectations by community, family, school, and self
  • Optimistic

Program Resources:

Annual Cost:

The annual cost range of the program is less than $25,000 or less than $500 per student.

Funding Sources Include:

Program Staff Includes:

Federal Agencies
State Agencies
Local/City/County Agencies
School Districts
Foundations

Teachers
Counselors
Volunteers
Social Workers
SROs
Parents
School Administrators

Materials Used:

Supporting / Partner Organizations:

Media/CD/DVD
Instructional Texts/Manuals
Computer/Internet Based

Unspecified

Evaluation Information:

In several US studies with diverse populations, the following findings have been obtained. In a study of middle school students in the rural southeastern US, in comparison to students in schools not implementing the program, there were significant reductions in the frequency with which students had bullied others (16%), and significant reductions in measures of delinquency, vandalism, school misbehavior, and sanctions for school misbehavior. In a study of inner-city elementary and middle schools in the northeastern US that used observational methods to examine bullying incident density (BID, bullying incidents per 100 student hours), researchers observed that BID decreased 45% afer four years after program implementation. In a study of suburban elementary schools in the western US, self-reported rates of being bullied decreased 21% after one year and 14% after two years. There also were significant decreases in students' reports of bullying others after one year (8%) and two years (17%) of program implementation. Researchers also observed increases in bullied students' propensities to tell a teacher about their experiences, students' perceptions that teachers try to stop bullying, teachers' perceptions that there were clear rules about bullying, and teachers' perceptions that they know how to respond to bullying that they observed or heard about.

How evaluation data was collected:
Outside experimental studies
Data collected and analyzed at school/district level
Data collected and analyzed at state or organizational level